End-stage liver disease as a consequence of hepatic sarcoidosis is a rare indication for liver transplantation. Consequently, there is a paucity of information on the pre-transplant findings and post-operative course of individuals transplanted for hepatic sarcoidosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our experience with liver transplantation for sarcoidosis. Cases were identified by review of the Mount Sinai Hospital liver transplant database. For each case, two control patients with other causes of liver failure matched for age, gender and date of transplant were selected for comparison. Hepatic sarcoidosis was the indication for liver transplantation in only seven of 2117 (0.3%) adult transplants performed from September 1988 to June 2004. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis was established by findings of extensive, non-caseating granulomas in pre-transplant liver biopsy specimens or in the native liver explant. Extrahepatic disease was limited to pulmonary involvement in four patients. Sarcoid cases were statistically more likely to have diabetes mellitus (100% vs. 21%, p = 0.001) and less likely to have antibodies to hepatitis C (0% vs. 50%, p = 0.047). Rates of acute cellular rejection were 57% in cases and 36% in controls (p = 0.397). Hepatic granulomas were identified in one patient at 5.6 yr of follow-up. Among cases, the 1-yr graft and patient survival rates were 100% and 5-yr graft and patient survival rates were 86%. The 1- and 5-yr graft and patient survival rates were comparable with those of patients transplanted for other indications.
- Acute cellular rejection
- Hepatic sarcoidosis