Pathology Features of Immune and Inflammatory Myopathies, Including a Polymyositis Pattern, Relate Strongly to Serum Autoantibodies

Alan Pestronk, Rati Choksi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We asked whether myopathology features of immune or inflammatory myopathies (IIM), without reference to clinical or laboratory attributes, correlate with serum autoantibodies. Retrospective study included 148 muscle biopsies with: B-cell inflammatory foci (BIM), myovasculopathy, perimysial pathology (IMPP), myofiber necrosis without perimysial or vessel damage or inflammation (MNec), inflammation and myofiber vacuoles or mitochondrial pathology (IM-VAMP), granulomas, chronic graft-versus-host disease, or none of these criteria. 18 IIM-related serum autoantibodies were tested. Strong associations between myopathology and autoantibodies included: BIM with PM/Scl-100 (63%; odds ratio [OR] = 72); myovasculopathies with TIF1-γ or NXP2 (70%; OR = 72); IMPP with Jo-1 (33%; OR = 28); MNec with SRP54 (23%; OR = 37); IM-VAMP with NT5C1a (95%; OR = 83). Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) antibodies related to presence of myofiber necrosis across all groups (82%; OR = 9), but not to one IIM pathology group. Our results validate characterizations of IIM by myopathology features, showing strong associations with some serum autoantibodies, another objective IIM-related marker. BIM with PM/Scl-100 antibodies can be described pathologically as polymyositis. Tif1-γ and NXP2 antibodies are both common in myovasculopathies. HMGCR antibodies associate with myofiber necrosis, but not one IIM pathology subtype. Relative association strengths of IIM-related autoantibodies to IIM myopathology features versus clinical characteristics require further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)812-820
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 27 2021


  • Autoantibodies
  • B-cells
  • Immune
  • Inflammatory
  • Myopathy
  • Myositis
  • Necrosis


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