Pathologist concordance for ovarian carcinoma subtype classification and identification of relevant histologic features using microscope and whole slide imaging: A multisite observer study

Marios A. Gavrielides, Brigitte M. Ronnett, Russell Vang, Stephanie Barak, Elsie Lee, Paul N. Staats, Erik Jenson, Priya Skaria, Fahime Sheikhzadeh, Meghan Miller, Ian S. Hagemann, Nicholas Petrick, Jeffrey D. Seidman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context.-Despite several studies focusing on the validation of whole slide imaging (WSI) across organ systems or subspecialties, the use of WSI for specific primary diagnosis tasks has been underexamined. Objective.-To assess pathologist performance for the histologic subtyping of individual sections of ovarian carcinomas using a light microscope and WSI. Design.-A panel of 3 experienced gynecologic pathologists provided reference subtype diagnoses for 212 histologic sections from 109 ovarian carcinomas based on optical microscopy review. Two additional attending pathologists provided diagnoses and also identified the presence of a set of 8 histologic features important for ovarian tumor subtyping. Two experienced gynecologic pathologists and 2 fellows reviewed the corresponding WSI images for subtype classification and feature identification. Results.-Across pathologists specialized in gynecologic pathology, concordance with the reference diagnosis for the 5 major ovarian carcinoma subtypes was significantly higher for a pathologist reading on a microscope than each of 2 pathologists reading on WSI. Differences were primarily due to more frequent classification of mucinous carcinomas as endometrioid with WSI. Pathologists had generally low agreement in identifying histologic features important to ovarian tumor subtype classification with either an optical microscopy or WSI. This result suggests the need for refined histologic criteria for identifying such features. Interobserver agreement was particularly low for identifying intracytoplasmic mucin with WSI. Inconsistencies in evaluating nuclear atypia and mitoses with WSI were also observed. Conclusions.-Further research is needed to specify the reasons for these diagnostic challenges and to inform users and manufacturers of WSI technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1516-1525
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume145
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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