Partial deficit of pantothenate kinase 2 catalytic activity in a case of tremor-predominant neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation

Tsao Wei Liang, Adam C. Truax, John Q. Trojanowski, Virginia M.Y. Lee, Matthew B. Stern, Paul T. Kotzbauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe an atypical case of pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) in which slowly progressive arm tremor was the predominant symptom beginning at the age of 25, with late-onset dystonia and dysarthria developing at the age of 50. Compound heterozygous mutations resulting in missense amino acid substitutions G521R and 1529V were identified in the pantothenate kinase (PANK2) gene. We demonstrate that while the G521R mutation results in an unstable and inactive protein, the previously unreported 1529V substitution has no apparent effect on the stability or catalytic activity of PanK2. The phenotype that results from this combination of mutations suggests that atypical presentations of PKAN may arise from partial deficits in PanK2 catalytic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-722
Number of pages5
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome
  • Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
  • Pantothenate kinase
  • Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration
  • Tremor

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