Parenchymal border macrophages (PBMs) reside close to the central nervous system parenchyma and regulate CSF flow dynamics. We recently demonstrated that PBMs provide a clearance pathway for amyloid-? peptide, which accumulates in the brain in Alzheimer s disease (AD). Given the emerging role for PBMs in AD, we explored how tau pathology affects the CSF flow and the PBM populations in the PS19 mouse model of tau pathology. We demonstrated a reduction of CSF flow, and an increase in an MHCII+PBM subpopulation in PS19 mice compared with WT littermates. Consequently, we asked whether PBM dysfunction could exacerbate tau pathology and tau-mediated neurodegeneration. Pharmacological depletion of PBMs in PS19 mice led to an increase in tau pathology and tau-dependent neurodegeneration, which was independent of gliosis or aquaporin-4 depolarization, essential for the CSF-ISF exchange. Together, our results identify PBMs as novel cellular regulators of tau pathology and tau-mediated neurodegeneration.