Parathyroid Imaging

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common endocrine abnormality, caused in most cases by a single parathyroid adenoma. Surgery remains the first-line curative therapy in PHPT. Imaging plays a vital role in presurgical localization of parathyroid adenomas. Ultrasound provides a safe and quick imaging modality free of ionizing radiation, but is operator dependent. Sestamibi scan offers comparable sensitivity to ultrasound, improved with concurrent tomographic imaging. 4DCT remains a problem-solving technique in challenging cases and after failed neck exploration. We present an overview of various parathyroid imaging modalities, including protocols and findings, in addition to relevant pearls and pitfalls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1083
Number of pages13
JournalRadiologic Clinics of North America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Four-dimensional CT
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Imaging
  • Parathyroid
  • Radiology
  • Sestamibi
  • Ultrasound


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