Parathyroid hormone suppression by intravenous 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. A role for increased sensitivity to calcium

J. A. Delmez, C. Tindira, P. Grooms, A. Dusso, D. W. Windus, E. Slatopolsky

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Abstract

Numerous in vitro studies in experimental animals have demonstrated a direct suppressive effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) on parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis. We therefore sought to determine whether such an effect could be demonstrated in uremic patients undergoing maneuvers designed to avoid changes in serum calcium concentrations. In addition, the response of the parathyroid gland in patients undergoing hypercalcemic suppression (protocol I) and hypocalcemic stimulation (protocol II) before and after 2 wk of intravenous 1,25(OH)2D was evaluated. In those enlisted in protocol I, PTH values fell from 375 ± 66 to 294 ± 50 pg (P < 0.01) after 1,25(OH)2D administration. During hypercalcemic suppression, the 'set point' (PTH max + PTH min/2) for PTH suppression by calcium fell from 5.24 ± 0.14 to 5.06 ± 0.15 mg/dl (P < 0.05) with 1,25(OH)2D. A similar decline in PTH levels after giving intravenous 1,25(OH)2D was noted in protocol II patients. During hypocalcemic stimulation, the parathyroid response was attenuated by 1,25(OH)2D. We conclude that intravenous 1,25(OH)2D directly suppresses PTH secretion in uremic patients. This suppression, in part, appears to be due to increased sensitivity of the gland to ambient calcium levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1349-1355
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

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