Paracrine induction of endothelium by tumor exosomes

Joshua L. Hood, Hua Pan, Gregory M. Lanza, Samuel A. Wickline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

222 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancers use a nanoscale messenger system known as exosomes to communicate with surrounding tissues and immune cells. However, the functional relationship between tumor exosomes, endothelial signaling, angiogenesis, and metastasis is poorly understood. Herein, we describe a standardized approach for defining the angiogenic potential of isolated exosomes. We created a powerful technique to rapidly and efficiently isolate and track exosomes for study using dynamic light scattering in conjunction with fluorescent exosome labeling. With these methods, melanoma exosomes were observed to interact with and influence endothelial tubule morphology as well as move between endothelial tubule cells by means of tunneling nanotube structures. Melanoma exosomes also were observed to rapidly stimulate the production of endothelial spheroids and endothelial sprouts in a dose-dependent manner. In concert, tumor exosomes simultaneously elicited paracrine endothelial signaling by regulation of certain inflammatory cytokines. These data suggest that, tumor exosomes can promote endothelial angiogenic responses, which could contribute to tumor metastatic potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1317-1328
Number of pages12
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume89
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • 3D assay
  • Angiogenesis
  • Cancer
  • Endothelial
  • Exosomes
  • Tumor

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