Pannexin 1 channels in renin-expressing cells influence renin secretion and blood pressure homeostasis

Leon J. DeLalio, Ester Masati, Suresh Mendu, Claire A. Ruddiman, Yang Yang, Scott R. Johnstone, Jenna A. Milstein, T. C.Stevenson Keller, Rachel B. Weaver, Nick A. Guagliardo, Angela K. Best, Kodi S. Ravichandran, Douglas A. Bayliss, Maria Luisa S. Sequeira-Lopez, Swapnil N. Sonkusare, Xiaohong H. Shu, Bimal Desai, Paula Q. Barrett, Thu H. Le, R. Ariel GomezBrant E. Isakson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Kidney function and blood pressure homeostasis are regulated by purinergic signaling mechanisms. These autocrine/paracrine signaling pathways are initiated by the release of cellular ATP, which influences kidney hemodynamics and steady-state renin secretion from juxtaglomerular cells. However, the mechanism responsible for ATP release that supports tonic inputs to juxtaglomerular cells and regulates renin secretion remains unclear. Pannexin 1 (Panx1) channels localize to both afferent arterioles and juxtaglomerular cells and provide a transmembrane conduit for ATP release and ion permeability in the kidney and the vasculature. We hypothesized that Panx1 channels in renin-expressing cells regulate renin secretion in vivo. Using a renin cell-specific Panx1 knockout model, we found that male Panx1 deficient mice exhibiting a heightened activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system have markedly increased plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations, and elevated mean arterial pressure with altered peripheral hemodynamics. Following ovariectomy, female mice mirrored the male phenotype. Furthermore, constitutive Panx1 channel activity was observed in As4.1 renin-secreting cells, whereby Panx1 knockdown reduced extracellular ATP accumulation, lowered basal intracellular calcium concentrations and recapitulated a hyper-secretory renin phenotype. Moreover, in response to stress stimuli that lower blood pressure, Panx1-deficient mice exhibited aberrant “renin recruitment” as evidenced by reactivation of renin expression in pre-glomerular arteriolar smooth muscle cells. Thus, renin-cell Panx1 channels suppress renin secretion and influence adaptive renin responses when blood pressure homeostasis is threatened.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)630-644
Number of pages15
JournalKidney International
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Pannexin 1
  • RAAS
  • blood pressure
  • kidney
  • purinergic
  • renin


Dive into the research topics of 'Pannexin 1 channels in renin-expressing cells influence renin secretion and blood pressure homeostasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this