Pancreatic antegrade needle-knife (PANK) for treatment of symptomatic pancreatic duct obstruction in Whipple patients (with video)

Marvin Ryou, Daniel K. Mullady, Christopher J. Dimaio, Richard S. Swanson, David L. Carr-Locke, Christopher C. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Background Endoscopic decompression of symptomatic main pancreatic duct (MPD) dilation in Whipple patients is often difficult because of stenosis of the pancreaticojejunal (PJ) anastomosis. Objective To evaluate the feasibility and procedural safety of the pancreatic antegrade needle-knife (PANK) technique, with the goal of restoring antegrade MPD flow, when endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) and EUS-guided rendezvous fail. Setting Tertiary care center. Design Retrospective series. Patients Three patients with symptomatic MPD dilation refractory to ERP and EUS-guided rendezvous. Interventions Under EUS guidance, a 19-gauge echo-needle was used to gain access to the dilated MPD and a Jagwire advanced. After failed attempts at antegrade guidewire passage across the PJ stenosis, deep transgastric MPD access was achieved via a Soehendra stent retriever and balloon dilation. Careful antegrade needle-knife of the stenotic site was performed. A long pancreatic stent spanning the jejunum, MPD, and gastric access site was placed. Four to 8 weeks later, this stent was upsized and converted to a PJ stent, which in turn was removed 4 weeks thereafter. Main Outcome Measurements Technical feasibility and complications. Results All 3 patients successfully underwent the PANK procedure. Pre- and post-MRCP studies showed the mean MPD diameter decreased 60% from 8.3 mm to 3.6 mm (mean follow-up 8 months). At 24-month follow-up, all 3 patients experienced decreased or resolved pain without further need for MPD intervention. Limitations Retrospective study with small numbers. Conclusions When ERP and EUS rendezvous fail, the PANK procedure using a staged stent strategy seems to be an effective means of MPD decompression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1088
Number of pages8
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010


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