p53-dependent and -independent pathways of apoptotic cell death in sepsis

Richard S. Hotchkiss, Kevin W. Tinsley, Jia Ji Hui, Katherine C. Chang, Paul E. Swanson, Anne M. Drewry, Timothy G. Buchman, Irene E. Karl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sepsis induces extensive apoptosis of lymphocytes, which may be responsible for the profound immune suppression of the disorder. Two potential pathways of sepsis-induced lymphocyte apoptosis, Fas and p53, were investigated. Lymphocyte apoptosis was evaluated 20-22 h after sepsis by annexin V or DNA nick-end labeling. Fas receptor-deficient mice had no protection against sepsis-induced apoptosis in thymocytes or splenocytes, p53 knockout mice (p53(-/-)) had complete protection against thymocyte apoptosis but, surprisingly, had no protection in splenocytes, p53(-/-) mice had no improvement in sepsis survival compared with appropriately matched control mice with sepsis. We conclude that both p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways of cell death exist in sepsis. This differential apoptotic response of thymocytes vs splenocytes in p53(-/-) mice suggests that either the cellular response or the death-inducing signal is cell-type specific in sepsis. The fact that p53(-/-) lymphocytes of an identical subtype (CD8- CD4+) were protected in thymi but not in spleens indicates that cell susceptibility to apoptosis differs depending upon other unidentified factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3675-3680
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume164
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000

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