p21waf1/cip1 deficiency does not perturb the intestinal crypt stem cell population after massive small bowel resection

Shannon W. Longshore, Rajalakshmi Nair, Erin E. Perrone, Christopher R. Erwin, Jun Guo, Brad W. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: After small bowel resection (SBR), adaptation is initiated in intestinal crypts where stem cells reside. Prior studies revealed SBR-induced enterocyte proliferation requires the expression of p21waf1/cip1. As deficient expression of p21waf1/cip1 has been shown to result in reduced numbers of hematopoietic stem cells. We sought to test the hypothesis that p21waf1/cip1deficiency similarly perturbs the intestinal stem cell population after SBR. Methods: Control (n = 21; C57Bl/6) and p21waf1/cip1-null mice (n = 30) underwent 50% proximal SBR or sham operation. After 3 days, the ileum was harvested and the crypt stem cell population evaluated by counting crypt base columnar cells on histologic sections, determining the expression of Musashi-1 and Lgr5, and profiling the transcriptional expression of 84 known stem cell genes. Results: There were no significant differences in crypt base columnar cells, expression of Musashi-1 or Lgr5, or in stem cell gene expression after SBR in control mice. Furthermore, there were no differences in these markers between controls and p21waf1/cip1-null mice. Conclusion: In contrast with bone marrow stem cells, the stem cell population of the gut is unaffected by deficient expression of p21waf1/cip1. Additional mechanisms for the role of p21waf1/cip1 in small bowel proliferation and adaptation after massive SBR must be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1071
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2009


  • Adaptation
  • Intestinal stem cells
  • Proliferation
  • Small bowel resection
  • p21


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