The MDR1 P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a member of the ATP-binding cassette family of transporters, is a transmembrane ATPase efflux pump for various lipophilic compounds, including many anti-cancer drugs. mAb UIC2, reactive with the extracellular moiety of Pgp, inhibits Pgp-mediated efflux. UIC2 reactivity with Pgp was increased by the addition of several Pgp-transported compounds or ATP-depleting agents, and by mutational inactivation of both nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) of Pgp. UIC2 binding to Pgp mutated in both NBDs was unaffected in the presence of Pgp transport substrates or in ATP- depleted cells, whereas the reactivities of the wild-type Pgp and Pgps mutated in a single NBD were increased by these treatments to the level of the double mutant. These results indicate the existence of different Pgp conformations associated with different stages of transport-associated ATP hydrolysis and suggest trapping in a transient conformation as a mechanism for antibody-mediated inhibition of Pgp.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Nov 25 1997|