Overweight, weight: Concerns, and bulimic behaviors among girls and boys

Alison E. Field, Carlos A. Camargo, C. Barrtaylor, Catherine S. Berkey, A. Lindsay Frazier, Matthew W. Gillman, Graham A. Colditz

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267 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence rates and correlates of overweight, concern with weight, and bulimic behaviors. Method: A survey was completed by a population-based sample of 16,114 boys and girls aged 9 to 14 years. Results: Although fewer girls (19%) than boys (26%) were overweight, more girls (25% versus 22%) perceived themselves as overweight (p < .001). The proportion of girls reporting trying to lose weight increased with age (p < .001). The prevalence of binge eating at least monthly increased with age among the girls, but remained stable among the boys. The prevalence of purging was low (≤1%) and comparable between genders until age 13. Among the 13- and 14-year-olds, girls were significantly more likely than boys to report using laxatives or vomiting to control weight (p ≤ .001). Purging was independently positively associated with stage of pubertal development (girls: odds ratio [OR] = 2.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6-2.7; boys: OR = 1.5, 95% CI 1.0-2.2) and overweight (girls: OR = 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-3.0; boys: OR = 2.7, 95% CI 1.4-5.1). Conclusions: Misperception of being overweight and concern with weight were common. Purging was a very rare behavior, but increased with pubertal development. Among the girls, the prevalence increased sharply around the onset of adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-760
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Bulimic
  • Females
  • Males
  • Overweight

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