Overexpression of wildtype EGFR is tumorigenic and denotes a therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer

Naiqing Xu, Wenfeng Fang, Libing Mu, Yanna Tang, Lei Gao, Shengxiang Ren, Dengfeng Cao, Lixin Zhou, Aiqun Zhang, Deruo Liu, Caicun Zhou, Kwok Kin Wong, Lei Yu, Li Zhang, Liang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current guidelines for lung cancer treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) include only patients with mutated EGFR, although some patients with wildtype EGFR (wt-EGFR) have exhibited positive responses to this therapy as well. Biomarkers predicting the benefit from EGFR-TKIs treatment remain to be determined for patients with wild-type EGFR. Here, we report that wt-EGFR overexpression transformed cells in vitro and induced tumorigenesis in vivo in transgenic mouse models. Wt-EGFR driven lung cancer was hypersensitive to TKI treatment in mouse model. Lung cancer patients with high-expression of wt-EGFR showed longer Overall Survival in comparison to lowexpression patients after TKI treatment. Our data therefore suggest that treatment with EGFR inhibitors should be extended to include not only patients with mutated EGFR but also a subset of patients with overexpression of wt-EGFR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3884-3896
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EGFR
  • Lung cancer
  • Transgenic mouse model
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor

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    Xu, N., Fang, W., Mu, L., Tang, Y., Gao, L., Ren, S., Cao, D., Zhou, L., Zhang, A., Liu, D., Zhou, C., Wong, K. K., Yu, L., Zhang, L., & Chen, L. (2016). Overexpression of wildtype EGFR is tumorigenic and denotes a therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer. Oncotarget, 7(4), 3884-3896. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.6461