Human type I placental 3β-hydroxy-5-ene-steroid dehydrogenase/steroid 5→4-ene-isomerase (3β-HSD/isomerase) synthesizes androstenedione from fetal dehydroepiandrosterone and progesterone from pregnenolone. The full length cDNA that encodes type I 3β-HSD/isomerase was inserted into the baculovirus, Autographa californica multiple nucleocapsid polyhedrosis virus, and expressed in Spodoptera fungiperda (Sf-9) insect cells. Western blots showed that the baculovirus-infected Sf-9 cells produced an immunoreactive protein that co-migrated with purified placental 3β-HSD/isomerase. Ultracentrifugation localized the expressed enzyme activities in all the membrane-associated organelles of the Sf-9 cell (nuclear, mitochondrial and microsomal). Kinetic studies showed that the expressed enzyme has 3β-HSD and isomerase activities. The Michaelis-Menton constant is very similar for the 3β-HSD substrate, 5α-androstan-3β-o1-17-one, in the Sf-9 cell homogenate (Km = 17.9 μM) and placental microsomes (Km = 16.7 μM). The 3β-HSD activity (Vmax = 14.5 nmol/min/mg) is 1.6-fold higher in the Sf-9 cell homogenate compared to placental microsomes (Vmax = 9.1 nmol/min/mg). The Km values are almost identical for the isomerase substrate, 5-androstene-3,17-dione, in the Sf-9 cell homogenate (Km = 14.7 μM) and placental microsomes (Km = 14.4 μM). The specific isomerase activity is 1.5-fold higher in the Sf-9 cells (Vmax = 25.7 nmol/min/mg) relative to placenta (Vmax = 17.2 nmol/min/mg). These studies show that our recombinant baculovirus system over-expresses fully active enzyme that is kinetically identical to native 3β-HSD/isomerase in human placenta.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Sep 1994|