Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors

Kris Ann P. Schultz, Anne K. Harris, Dominik T. Schneider, Robert H. Young, Jubilee Brown, David M. Gershenson, Louis P. Dehner, D. Ashley Hill, Yoav H. Messinger, A. Lindsay Frazier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors are clinically significant heterogeneous tumors that include several pathologic types. These tumors are often found in adolescents and young adults and can present with hormonal manifestations as well as signs and symptoms of a pelvic mass. Serum tumor markers may assist in preoperative diagnosis and surveillance. Several subtypes are associated with genetic predisposition, including those observed in patients with Peutz-Jegher syndrome. Recent studies have elucidated the relationship between Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors and DICER1 mutations. When classified as International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage Ia, most subtypes may be treated with surgery alone. Higher stage or recurrent tumors have variable prognoses that range from a usually rapid course in poorly differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor to an often prolonged course in adult granulosa cell tumors. New understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of these tumors may pave the way for novel therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-946
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oncology Practice
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

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    Schultz, K. A. P., Harris, A. K., Schneider, D. T., Young, R. H., Brown, J., Gershenson, D. M., Dehner, L. P., Hill, D. A., Messinger, Y. H., & Frazier, A. L. (2016). Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors. Journal of Oncology Practice, 12(10), 940-946. https://doi.org/10.1200/JOP.2016.016261