Outcomes of the Latarjet procedure with minimum 5- and 10-year follow-up: A systematic review

Ron Gilat, Ophelie Lavoie-Gagne, Eric D. Haunschild, Derrick M. Knapik, Kevin C. Parvaresh, Michael C. Fu, Brian Forsythe, Nikhil Verma, Brian J. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mid- and long-term outcomes following the Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. Methods: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane libraries were systematically searched, in line with PRISMA guidelines, for studies reporting on outcomes following the Latarjet procedure with minimum five-year follow-up. Outcomes of studies with follow-up between 5 and 10 years were compared to those with minimum follow-up of 10 years. Results: Fifteen studies reporting on 1052 Latarjet procedures were included. Recurrent instability occurred in 127 patients, with an overall random summary estimates in studies with a minimum five-year follow-up of 0–18% (I2 = 90%) compared to 5–26% (I2 = 59%) for studies with a minimum 10-year follow-up. Overall rates for return to sports, non-instability related complications, and progression of arthritis estimated at 65–100% (I2 = 87%), 0–20% (I2 = 85%), and 8–42% (I2 = 89%) for the minimum five-year follow-up studies and 62–93% (I2 = 86%), 0–9% (I2 = 28%), and 9–71% (I2 = 91%) for the minimum 10-year follow-up studies, respectively. All studies reported good-to-excellent mean PRO scores at final follow-up. Conclusions: The Latarjet is a safe and effective procedure for patients with shoulder instability. The majority of patients return to sport, though at long-term follow-up, a trend towards an increased incidence of recurrent instability is appreciated, while a significant number may demonstrate arthritis progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-329
Number of pages15
JournalShoulder and Elbow
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • coracoid transfer
  • Latarjet
  • shoulder instability

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