Outcomes of the Latarjet Procedure Versus Free Bone Block Procedures for Anterior Shoulder Instability: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Ron Gilat, Eric D. Haunschild, Ophelie Z. Lavoie-Gagne, Tracy M. Tauro, Derrick M. Knapik, Michael C. Fu, Brian J. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Free bone block (FBB) procedures for anterior shoulder instability have been proposed as an alternative to or bail-out for the Latarjet procedure. However, studies comparing the outcomes of these treatment modalities are limited. Purpose: To systematically review and perform a meta-analysis comparing the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing anterior shoulder stabilization with a Latarjet or FBB procedure. Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched from inception to 2019 for human-participants studies published in the English language. The search was performed according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement including studies reporting clinical outcomes of patients undergoing Latarjet or FBB procedures for anterior shoulder instability with minimum 2-year follow-up. Case reports and technique articles were excluded. Data were synthesized, and a random effects meta-analysis was performed to determine the proportions of recurrent instability, other complications, progression of osteoarthritis, return to sports, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) improvement. Results: A total of 2007 studies were screened; of these, 70 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. These studies reported outcomes on a total of 4540 shoulders, of which 3917 were treated with a Latarjet procedure and 623 were treated with an FBB stabilization procedure. Weighted mean follow-up was 75.8 months (range, 24-420 months) for the Latarjet group and 92.3 months (range, 24-444 months) for the FBB group. No significant differences were found between the Latarjet and the FBB groups in the overall random pooled summary estimate of the rate of recurrent instability (5% vs 3%, respectively; P =.09), other complications (4% vs 5%, respectively; P =.892), progression of osteoarthritis (12% vs 4%, respectively; P =.077), and return to sports (73% vs 88%; respectively, P =.066). American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores improved after both Latarjet and FBB, with a significantly greater increase after FBB procedures (10.44 for Latarjet vs 32.86 for FBB; P =.006). Other recorded PRO scores improved in all studies, with no significant difference between groups. Conclusion: Current evidence supports the safety and efficacy of both the Latarjet and FBB procedures for anterior shoulder stabilization in the presence of glenoid bone loss. We found no significant differences between the procedures in rates of recurrent instability, other complications, osteoarthritis progression, and return to sports. Significant improvement in PROs was demonstrated for both groups. Significant heterogeneity existed between studies on outcomes of the Latarjet and FBB procedures, warranting future high-quality, comparative studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-816
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • bone block
  • distal tibial allograft
  • glenoid augmentation
  • glenoid reconstruction
  • iliac crest bone graft
  • Latarjet
  • shoulder instability

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