Background: We aimed to evaluate the effect of age at operation on postoperative outcomes in children undergoing a Kawashima operation. Methods: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database was queried for Kawashima procedures from January 1, 2014, to June 30, 2020. Patients were stratified by age at operation in months: 0 to <4, 4 to <8, 8 to <12, and >12. Subsequently, outcomes for those in whom the Kawashima was not the index operation and for those undergoing hepatic vein incorporation (Fontan completion or hepatic vein–to–azygos vein connection) were evaluated. Results: We identified 253 patients who underwent a Kawashima operation (median age, 8.6 months; median weight, 7.4 kg): 12 (4.7%), 0 to <4 months; 96 (37.9%), 4 to <8 months; 81 (32.0%), 8 to <12 months; and 64 (25.3%), >12 months. Operative mortality was 0.8% (n = 2), with major morbidity or mortality in 17.4% (n = 44), neither different across age groups. Patients <4 months had a longer postoperative length of stay (12.5 vs 9.3 days; P =.03). The Kawashima was not the index operation of the hospital admission in 15 (5.9%); these patients were younger (6.0 vs 8.4 months; P =.05) and had more preoperative risk factors (13/15 [92.9%] vs 126/238 [52.9%]; P <.01). We identified 173 patients undergoing subsequent hepatic vein incorporation (median age, 3.9 years; median weight, 15.0 kg) with operative mortality in 6 (3.5%) and major morbidity or mortality in 30 (17.3%). Conclusions: The Kawashima is typically performed between 4 and 12 months with low mortality. Morbidity and mortality were not affected by age. Hepatic vein incorporations may be higher risk than in traditional Fontan procedures, and ways to mitigate this should be sought.