Outcomes of the “Calcaneo-stop” procedure for treating symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 2394 feet

María Galán-Olleros, Laura del Baño Barragán, María Jesús Figueroa, Carlos H. Prato de Lima, Manuel Fraga-Collarte, Beltran Torres-Izquierdo, Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Ignacio Martínez-Caballero

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study evaluates the efficacy of the calcaneo-stop (C-Stop) procedure's effectiveness in treating symptomatic flexible flatfoot (FFF) in children. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases to identify studies until 2023 on the outcomes of the C-Stop procedure in children with FFF. The risk of bias was assessed using MINORS criteria. Results: Of 85 studies screened, 20 involving 2394 feet from 1415 patients (mean age 11.2 ± 1.3 years) were included. Post-procedure, significant improvements were noted in pain reduction (93.5%), heel alignment (95.21%), and radiological measures, including reductions in Kite (7.32º), Meary (11.65º), Costa-Bartani angles (17.11º), talar declination (12.63º) and increase in Calcaneal Pitch Angle (5.92º). AOFAS scores increased by 22.32 points on average, with 94.83% reporting high satisfaction. Complication rate was low (7.8%). Conclusions: The C-Stop procedure is effective for treating FFF in children, offering significant clinical, radiological, and functional improvements with high patient satisfaction and a low complication rate.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFoot and Ankle Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Arthroereisis
  • Flexible flatfoot
  • Pediatric
  • Pes planovalgus

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