Outcomes of simultaneous large complex abdominal wall reconstruction and enterocutaneous fistula takedown

David M. Krpata, Sharon L. Stein, Michelle Eston, Bridget Ermlich, Jeffrey A. Blatnik, Yuri W. Novitsky, Michael J. Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The surgical management of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) in the setting of large abdominal wall defects can be challenging. We aimed to review our experience with simultaneous single-stage ECF takedown and complex abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR). Methods: Using a prospectively collected database, patients requiring surgical management of an ECF and AWR over a 5-year period were reviewed. Results: Thirty-seven patients (mean age = 58.6 years) underwent ECF repair/AWR. The mean hernia defect size was 426 ± 192 cm2. Thirty-five (95%) patients required fascial releases to achieve abdominal wall closure. Thirty-six (97%) patients had sublay biologic mesh placed to reinforce the repair. Twenty-four (65%) patients developed a surgical site infection (8 superficial, 8 deep, and 8 organ space). Four patients developed an early anastomotic leak/refistulization. With a mean follow-up of 20 months, the hernia recurrence rate was 32% (n = 12). Conclusions: The simultaneous reconstruction of ECF and complex abdominal wall defects resulted in successful single-stage management of these challenging cases in nearly 70% of patients in this series.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-359
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume205
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominal wall reconstruction
  • Enterocutaneous fistula
  • Ventral hernia repair

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