Outcomes of Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty Based on Degree of Obstruction on Preoperative Tc-99 MAG-3 Renal Scintigraphy

Jason L. Zappia, Jason M. Farrow, Leo Song, Alexander W. Peters, Mitchell L. Fennerty, Chandru P. Sundaram, Ronald S. Boris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Management of symptomatic ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction with hydronephrosis and discordant Tc-99 mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG-3) renal scintigraphy is challenging. In this study we describe long-term outcomes of patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty for the correction of symptomatic UPJ obstruction with discordant preoperative Tc-99m MAG-3 renal scintigraphy. Methods: Patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty for symptomatic UPJ obstruction at a single academic center from 2009 to 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized into three groups with varying degrees of obstruction based on preoperative MAG-3 imaging: Group 1: no obstruction (Lasix T1/2 clearance <10 minutes), Group 2: equivocal obstruction (Lasix T1/2 clearance 10–20 minutes), and Group 3: obstruction (Lasix T1/2 clearance >20 minutes. Pyeloplasty success was defined as resolution of symptoms and improvement/stable computed tomography (CT) imaging or MAG-3 scintigraphy. Failure was defined as persistence of symptoms with either obstruction on functional imaging, worsening hydronephrosis, or subsequent intervention. Results: A total of 125 cases were identified, with a median patient age of 35 years. Dismembered pyeloplasty technique was performed in 98.4% of cases. Median preoperative split renal function on MAG-3 scintigraphy was the only statistically significant (p = 0.003) difference in preoperative characteristics between the three groups. There were 15 postoperative complications, with a rate of Clavien–Dindo grade 3 or higher complications of 4.8%. Overall pyeloplasty success was 92.8%, with success rates of 100% (15/15) and 97% (32/33) in the no obstruction and equivocal obstruction groups, respectively. Median time to pyeloplasty failure was 20.4 months. Conclusion: Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a safe and effective surgical intervention for correcting UPJ obstruction. Patients with symptoms of UPJ obstruction and discordant functional imaging studies demonstrate similar or improved success rates after pyeloplasty compared with patients with documented high-grade obstruction. Based on these findings preoperative renal scan may not be reliable in appropriate selection of candidacy for pyeloplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

Keywords

  • MAG-3 renal imaging
  • pyeloplasty
  • robotic procedure
  • ureteropelvic junction obstruction

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