Outcomes of revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in soccer players A COHORT STUDY

MARS Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Aims There is limited information on outcomes of revision ACL reconstruction (rACLR) in soccer (association football) athletes, particularly on return to sport and the rate of additional knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to report return to soccer after rACLR, and to test the hypothesis that patient sex and graft choice are associated with return to play and the likeli-hood of future knee surgery in soccer players undergoing rACLR. Methods Soccer athletes enrolled in a prospective multicentre cohort were contacted to collect an-cillary data on their participation in soccer and their return to play following rACLR. Information regarding if and when they returned to play and their current playing status was recorded. If they were not currently playing soccer, they were asked the primary reason they stopped playing. Information on any subsequent knee surgery following their index rACLR was also collected. Player demographic data and graft choice were collected from their base-line enrolment data at rACLR. Results Soccer-specific follow-up was collected on 76% (33 male, 39 female) of 95 soccer athletes. Subsequent surgery information was collected on 95% (44 male, 46 female). Overall, 63% of athletes returned to soccer a mean 9.6 months (SD 5.8) after index revision surgery but participation in soccer decreased to 19% at a mean of 6.4 years (SD 1.3) after surgery. There was no significant association of patient sex or graft choice with return to play, time of return to play, or long-term return to play. Females were more likely than males to have subsequent knee surgery following rACLR (20% (9/46) vs 5% (2/44); p = 0.050). The rate of recurrent graft tear (5.6%; 5/90) was similar between males and females. Conclusion Approximately two-thirds of soccer players return to sport after rACLR, but the rate of participation drops significantly over time. Neither patient sex nor graft choice at the time of rACLR were associated with return to play. Female soccer players face a higher risk for additional knee surgery after rACLR than male soccer players.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1048
Number of pages6
JournalBone and Joint Open
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • ACL
  • ACL Reconstruction
  • ACL revision
  • Football
  • Outcomes
  • Soccer


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