Outcomes of Retromuscular Porcine Biologic Mesh Repairs Using Transversus Abdominis Release Reconstruction

Mojtaba Fayezizadeh, Arnab Majumder, Igor Belyansky, Yuri W. Novitsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Optimal mesh reinforcement and operative technique for major abdominal wall reconstructions (AWR) remain debatable. Posterior component separation via transversus abdominis release (TAR) allows for wide sublay mesh reinforcement with durable reconstruction, and has been gaining popularity in recent years. Although biologic mesh has been associated with mixed results, outcomes of AWR with bioprosthetics have not been well elucidated to date. We evaluated our outcomes of TAR reconstructions with retromuscular porcine biologic mesh reinforcement. Study Design Consecutive patients undergoing AWR using TAR with biologic mesh sublay reinforcement were identified in our prospective databases and analyzed. We characterized patient demographics and perioperative details. Main outcomes measures included wound complications and hernia recurrence. Results Between 2007 and 2014, seventy-seven patients (mean age 56 years, mean BMI 35 kg/m2) underwent AWR using TAR with biologic mesh. Mean hernia size was 306 ± 128 cm2 with mean width of 14.3 ± 3.3 cm. The vast majority of patients had grade 3 hernias (92%) and more than half had a history of wound infection (55%). There were 22 (28.6%) surgical site infections consisting of 14 deep, 7 superficial, and 1 organ-space surgical site infections. There were no incidences of chronic mesh infection or explantation. In patients with at least 12 months follow-up (mean duration 28.2 months), there were 8 (12.5%) recurrences. Conclusions Complex hernias repaired with TAR and retromuscular porcine biologic mesh reinforcement are associated with a low rate of serious perioperative wound/mesh complications. Additionally, our approach resulted in a fairly low rate of hernia recurrences in this complex cohort of patients. We believe that the TAR approach and retromuscular mesh placement can be beneficial when biologic mesh reinforcement is chosen during complex and/or contaminated abdominal wall reconstructions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-468
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume223
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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