Background: This study aimed to define how utilization of plastic surgical reconstruction (PSR) affects perioperative outcomes, locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), and overall survival (OS) after radical resection of extremity and truncal soft tissue sarcoma (ETSTS). The secondary aim was to determine factors associated with PSR. Methods: Patients who underwent resection of ETSTS between 2000 and 2016 were identified from a multi-institutional database. PSR was defined as complex primary closure requiring a plastic surgeon, skin graft, or tissue-flap reconstruction. Outcomes included PSR utilization, postoperative complications, LRRFS, and OS. Results: Of 2750 distinct operations, 1060 (38.55%) involved PSR. Tissue-flaps (854, 80.57%) were most commonly utilized. PSR was associated with a higher proportion of R0 resections (83.38% vs. 74.42%, p < 0.001). Tissue-flap PSR was associated with local wound complications (odds ratio: 1.81, confidence interval: 1.21–2.72, p = 0.004). Neither PSR nor postoperative complications were independently associated with LRRFS or OS. High-grade tumors (1.60, 1.13–2.26, p = 0.008) and neoadjuvant radiation (1.66, 1.20–2.30, p = 0.002) were associated with the need for PSR. Conclusion: Patients with ETSTS undergoing resection with PSR experienced acceptable rates of complications and a higher rate of negative margins, which were associated with improved LRRFS and OS. High tumor grade and neoadjuvant radiation were associated with requirement of PSR.
- extremity and truncal soft tissue sarcoma
- plastic surgical reconstruction