Outcomes of Orbital Atherectomy in Patients With Critical Limb Threatening Ischemia and Diabetes

Momodou L. Jammeh, Julia Suggs, George L. Adams, Ehrin J. Armstrong, Jihad A. Mustapha, Mohamed A. Zayed

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1 Scopus citations


Purpose. Patients with diabetes and critical limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) are at significantly higher risk of limb loss and death. We evaluate the outcomes of orbital atherectomy (OA) for the treatment of CLTI in patients with and without diabetes. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the LIBERTY 360 study was performed to evaluate baseline demographics and peripro-cedural outcomes between patients with CLTI, and with and without diabetes. Hazard ratios (HRs) were determined with Cox regression to examine the impact of OA in patients with diabetes and CLTI over a 3-year follow-up. Results. A total of 289 patients (201 with diabetes, 88 without diabetes) with Rutherford classification 4-6 were included. Patients with diabetes had a higher proportion of renal disease (48.3% vs 28.4%; P<.01), prior minor/major limb amputation (26% vs 8%; P<.01), and presence of wounds (63.2% vs 48.9%; P=.03). Operative times, radiation dosages, and contrast volumes were similar between groups. The rate of distal embolization was higher in patients with diabetes (7.8% vs 1.9%; P=.01; odds ratio, 4.33; 95% confidence interval, 0.99-18.88; P=.05). However, at 3 years post procedure, patients with diabetes had no differences in freedom from target-vessel/target-lesion revascularization (HR, 1.09; P=.73), major adverse events (HR, 1.25; P=.36), major target-limb amputation (HR, 1.74; P=.39), and death (HR, 1.11; P=.72). Conclusion. The LIBERTY 360 study observed high limb preservation and low major adverse events in patients with diabetes and CLTI. Higher distal embolization was observed with OA in patients with diabetes, but the odds ratio did not indicate a significant difference in risk between groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E29-E37
JournalJournal of Critical Limb Ischemia
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • amputation
  • critical limb threatening ischemia
  • diabetes
  • endovascular revascularization
  • orbital atherectomy


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