Outcome of the antegrade colonic enema procedure in children with chronic constipation

Evan R. Kokoska, Martin S. Keller, Thomas R. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic constipation and fecal incontinence in children related to pelvic trauma, congenital anomalies, or malignancy will eventually lead to significant social and psychologic stress. Maximal medical treatment (daily enemas and laxatives) can also be difficult to maintain in many children. Methods: At our children's hospital, 11 children with chronic constipation or fecal incontinence or both underwent the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure. The operation involved constructing a conduit into the cecum using either the appendix (n = 8) or a "pseudo-appendix" created from a cecal flap (n = 3). We report our surgical results. Results: Mean child age was 9.6 (5 to 18) years. With a mean follow-up of 14 (6 to 24) months, 10 of the children (91%) had significant improvement and 7 children (64%) are completely clean with no soiling and controlled bowel movements after irrigation. Conclusions: Regular colonic lavage after the ACE procedure allows children with chronic constipation and fecal incontinence to regain normal bowel habits and a markedly improved lifestyle. This procedure should be considered before colostomy in children and adults for the treatment of fecal incontinence from a variety of causes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-629
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume182
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

Keywords

  • Antegrade colonic enema
  • Children
  • Chronic constipation
  • Congenital anorectal anomalies
  • Fecal incontinence

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