Outcome of recurrent cervical carcinoma following definitive irradiation

Gara M. Sommers, Perry W. Grigsby, Carlos A. Perez, H. Marvin Camel, M. S. Kao, Andrew E. Galakatos, Mary Ann Lockett

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81 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report is a retrospective analysis of 376 patients with recurrent cervical carcinoma, following definitive radiation therapy to 1054 patients with stage IB-IVA carcinoma of the uterine cervix treated at the Radiation Oncology Center, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, from January 1959 through December 1982. The sites of failure after treatment by stage at initial diagnosis were classified as pelvic only (P), pelvic plus distant metastasis (P + DM), or distant metastasis only (DM). The sites of first failure were for stage IB, P = 0.8%, P + DM = 7.4%, DM = 7.9%; for stage IIA, P = 1.7%, P + DM = 14.7%, DM = 17.2%; for stage IIB, P = 10.4%, P + DM = 11.0%, DM = 14.9%; for stage III, P = 15.4%, P + DM = 23.9%, DM = 18.9%; and for stage IV, P = 16.7%, P + DM = 61.1%, DM = 16.7%. The actuarial probability of pelvic failure at 5 years from initial therapy was 8% for stage IB, 16% for stage IIA, 21% for stage IIB, 42% for stage III, and 100% for stage IV. The incidence of distant metastasis at 5 years was 14, 32, 28, 47, and 100% for stages IB, IIA, IIB, III, and IV, respectively. The therapy after failure was surgery, irradiation, irradiation plus surgery, or chemotherapy. There appeared to be no major difference in survival after recurrence by type of treatment or initial stage. The overall survival at 5 years for all untreated patients was 1%. The median survival was evaluated as a function of time to failure after initial treatment. Patients who developed disease more than 36 months after initial treatment had a median survival of 22.5 months. The median survival was 12.1, 7.6, 9.4, and 9.1 months for those failing less than 6, 6-12, 13-24, and 25-36 months after initial treatment. Severe treatment complications occurred in 3.6% ( 5 140).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-155
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1989

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