Background: Despite the approval of mTOR inhibitor everolimus and CDK4/6 inhibitors in the management of hormone-receptor-positive HER2 non-amplified metastatic breast cancer (HR+ HER2-MBC), the optimal sequence of therapy is unclear. There are no clinical data on efficacy of everolimus in HR+ HER2-MBC after cancer progresses on CDK4/6 inhibitors. Objective: The objective of this study is to find the efficacy of everolimus in HR+ HER2-MBC after they progress on a CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib. Methods: This is a retrospective, 2-institute review of HR+ HER2-MBC from Jan 2015 to March 2018 treated with everolimus after progression on palbociclib. Primary end point was median progression-free survival (PFS), secondary end points objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit ratio (CBR), and overall survival (OS). Results: Out of 41 women with median age 61 years (33, 87) enrolled, 66% had received adjuvant systemic therapy, 61% had visceral disease, and 95% had prior nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors. About 83% women had 3 or more chemotherapy or hormonal therapies prior to everolimus. Kaplan-Meier estimates showed a median PFS of 4.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2-6.2). The median OS was 18.7 months (95% CI 9.5 to not reached). Objective response rate and CBR were both 17.1%. Conclusion: Everolimus was associated with modest PFS and ORR in HR+ HER2-MBCs postprogression on palbociclib.
- Metastatic breast cancer
- estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer