This book covers all aspects of out of operating room anesthesia and deep sedation practice. The practical aspects of anesthesia are emphasized, with particular stress on management of un-anticipated adverse events. A concise, yet comprehensive description of relevant basic sciences is also included. Although the contributors are predominantly North American, essential elements of out of OR practice in countries other than the USA are incorporated. Situations like those that contributed to the death of Joan Rivers are addressed with particular emphasis on their recognition, prevention and management. The importance of safety as the key element in providing anesthesia in remote or unfamiliar areas is highlighted and discussed. A lack of accurate documentation is a major drawback in out of OR anesthesia practice and the reader is drawn to the importance of documentation, both from a practical and medico legal standpoint. A separate chapter deals with research and future directions in out of OR anesthesia. Out of Operating Room Anesthesia: A Comprehensive Review, is primarily aimed at all anesthesia providers: anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists and residents. Specific chapters such as dental anesthesia, anesthesia for ER procedures and sedation for cosmetic procedures will be useful as a reference guide to physicians exposed to brief training in anesthesia during their non-anesthesia residency program.