Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee (femoral condyle and patella)

Kayla E. Daniel, Anastasia N. Fischer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Osteochondritis dissecans, also referred to as an osteochondral defect, is an alteration in the subchondral bone structure with risk for instability and disruption of adjacent articular cartilage. Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the knee are most often located in the femoral condyle but can also be found in the patella. Children may present with chronic, vague, activity-related knee pain. If the lesion is unstable, children may have mechanical symptoms, swelling, and gait abnormalities. OCD lesions are often initially diagnosed on radiographs and then confirmed, characterized, and staged with MRI. Depending on the stability of the lesion and patient characteristics, OCD lesions are either treated with conservative management non-operatively or with surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommon Pediatric Knee Injuries
Subtitle of host publicationBest Practices in Evaluation and Management
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages275-282
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783030558703
ISBN (Print)9783030558697
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2021

Keywords

  • Articular cartilage
  • OCD
  • Subchondral bone

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee (femoral condyle and patella)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this