Treatment of glenohumeral instability and capsulolabral pathology continues to evolve as arthroscopic techniques improve. A growing body of biomechanical and clinical research provides an enhanced perspective on results obtained with both arthroscopic and open treatment of these conditions. Labral repair and capsulolabral reconstruction can effectively be treated with suture anchors by both arthroscopic and open methods. Suture anchors are low-profile fixation devices that can minimize articular surface compromise and afford an anatomic reconstruction of the labrum and glenohumeral ligament complex. Although the use of suture anchors has become increasingly common to obtain stable fixation and healing at the bone-tendon interface in rotator cuff repair, critical distinctions exist between this function and their implementation in labral repair and capsulolabral reconstruction. This article examines the technical aspects of labral repair and capsulolabral reconstruction with metallic and bioabsorbable suture anchors. The emphasis is on implant options, technical advantages, potential limitations, and relevant biomechanical considerations to better achieve an optimal outcome.