Optimizing the Utility of Anorectal Manometry for Diagnosis and Therapy: A Roundtable Review and Recommendations

Satish S.C. Rao, Nitin K. Ahuja, Adil E. Bharucha, Darren M. Brenner, William D. Chey, Jill K. Deutsch, David C. Kunkel, Baharak Moshiree, Leila Neshatian, Robert M. Reveille, Gregory S. Sayuk, Jordan M. Shapiro, Eric D. Shah, Kyle Staller, Steven D. Wexner, Jason R. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background & Aims: Anorectal manometry (ARM) is a comprehensive diagnostic tool for evaluating patients with constipation, fecal incontinence, or anorectal pain; however, it is not widely utilized for reasons that remain unclear. The aim of this roundtable discussion was to critically examine the current clinical practices of ARM and biofeedback therapy by physicians and surgeons in both academic and community settings. Methods: Leaders in medical and surgical gastroenterology and physical therapy with interest in anorectal disorders were surveyed regarding practice patterns and utilization of these technologies. Subsequently, a roundtable was held to discuss survey results, explore current diagnostic and therapeutic challenges with these technologies, review the literature, and generate consensus-based recommendations. Results: ARM identifies key pathophysiological abnormalities such as dyssynergic defecation, anal sphincter weakness, or rectal sensory dysfunction, and is a critical component of biofeedback therapy, an evidence-based treatment for patients with dyssynergic defecation and fecal incontinence. Additionally, ARM has the potential to enhance health-related quality of life and reduce healthcare costs. However, it has significant barriers that include a lack of education and training of healthcare providers regarding the utility and availability of ARM and biofeedback procedures, as well as challenges with condition-specific testing protocols and interpretation. Additional barriers include understanding when to perform, where to refer, and how to use these technologies, and confusion over billing practices. Conclusions: Overcoming these challenges with appropriate education, training, collaborative research, and evidence-based guidelines for ARM testing and biofeedback therapy could significantly enhance patient care of anorectal disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2727-2739.e1
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • Anorectal Manometry
  • Biofeedback Therapy
  • Dyssynergic Defecation
  • Fecal Incontinence


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