Optimal Fluoroscopic Angulation to Determine Intercondylar Notch Violation during Pediatric Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction

Derrick M. Knapik, Conor F. McCarthy, Ian Drummond, Raymond W. Liu, Allison Gilmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous anatomic data has suggested that during pediatric medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction, the femoral tunnel must be angled distally and anteriorly to avoid damage to the distal femoral physis and then intercondylar notch. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal degree of fluoroscopic angulation necessary to radiographically determine the presence of intercondylar notch violation. Fourteen adult cadaveric human femora were disarticulated and under fluoroscopic guidance, Schöttle's point was identified. A 0.62-mm Kirschner wire was then drilled through the condyle to create minimal notch violation. The femur was then placed on a level radiolucent table and coronal plane radiographs angled from-15 to 60 degrees were obtained in 5-degree increments to determine the fluoroscopic angle at which intercondylar notch violation was most evident. Grading of optimal fluoroscopic angle between two authors found that violation of the notch was the best appreciated at a mean angle of 43 ± 15 degrees from neutral. Results from this study emphasize the importance of angling the beam to essentially obtain a notch view to assess for a breech.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Knee Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • drill
  • intercondylar notch
  • medial patellofemoral ligament
  • physis

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