Opening Pandora's Box: From Readmissions to Transitional Care Patient-Centered Outcome Measures

Mathew J. Reeves, Michele C. Fritz, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo, Corita R. Grudzen, Lewis L. Hsu, Jing Li, Raymona H. Lawrence, Janet Prvu Bettger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Measuring the effectiveness of transitional care interventions has historically relied on health care utilization as the primary outcome. Although the Care Transitions Measure was the first outcome measure specifically developed for transitional care, its applicability beyond the hospital-to-home transition is limited. There is a need for patient-centered outcome measures (PCOMs) to be developed for transitional care settings (ie, TC-PCOMs) to ensure that outcomes are both meaningful to patients and relevant to the particular care transition. The overall objective of this paper is to describe the opportunities and challenges of integrating TC-PCOMs into research and practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: This narrative review was conducted by members of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Transitional Care Evidence to Action Network. We define TC-PCOMs as outcomes that matter to patients because they account for their individual experiences, concerns, preferences, needs, and values during the transition period. The cardinal features of TC-PCOMs should be that they are developed following direct input from patients and stakeholders and reflect their lived experience during the transition in question. Although few TC-PCOMs are currently available, existing patient-reported outcome measures could be adapted to become TC-PCOMs if they incorporated input from patients and stakeholders and are validated for the relevant care transition. CONCLUSION: Establishing validated TC-PCOMs is crucial for measuring the responsiveness of transitional care interventions and optimizing care that is meaningful to patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S336-S343
JournalMedical care
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

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