One-Year Hearing Preservation and Speech Outcomes Comparing Slim Modiolar and Lateral Wall Arrays

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Abstract

Objective: Compare postoperative speech outcomes in hearing preservation (HP) cochlear implantation (CI) patients with a low-frequency pure-tone average (LFPTA) ≤ 60 dB using 2 electrode array designs. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Large academic cochlear implant referral center. Methods: We reviewed adult HP CI cases using either the slim modiolar electrode (SME) (CI 532/CI 632) or th slim lateral wall electrode (SLWE) (CI 624). One-year speech outcomes and HP status were the primary outcomes. Results: A total of 132 implanted ears were analyzed (mean age 73.1 years, standard deviation [SD] 12.6), with 72% (N = 95) with CI 532/632 and 28% (N = 37) with CI 624. The mean preoperative LFPTA was 44.8 dB, SD 11.8. One-year functional HP was 27.2% (mean LFPTA shift 46.1 dB, SD 22.1) and was as follows: SME 23.9% and SLWE 36.4%, p =.168. The mean age at implantation was significantly younger only in SLWE patients with preserved hearing (66.9 vs 80.3 years, p =.008). At 6 months, speech measures were significantly better in all outcomes in HP patients with an SLWE than nonpreserved SLWE patients; this effect abated at 1 year as performance among nonpreserved SLWE patients became equivalent to the remaining cohort. Speech outcomes in SME patients were similar regardless of HP status. Age at implantation and datalogging was correlated with speech outcomes. Conclusion: In this cohort of HP patients, a 1-year functional HP rate of 23.9% (SME) and 36.4% (SLWE) was observed (p = 0.168). This was initially 57.1% (SME) and 70.3% (SLWE) at activation, p =.172. Datalogging and age at implantation were correlated with postoperative speech outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-347
Number of pages8
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume169
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • cochlear implants
  • electrode array
  • hearing preservation
  • speech outcomes

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