Obesity Predicts Differential Response to Cancer Prevention Interventions Among African Americans

Lucia A. Leone, Aimee S. James, Marlyn Allicock, Marci K. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Wellness for African Americans Through Churches was a randomized trial that tested the effectiveness of tailored print and video (TPV) and/or lay health advisors (LHA) at increasing recreational physical activity (RPA), fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption, and colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in African American churches. Baseline data revealed lower screening and RPA rates among obese individuals but no weight-related differences in F&V consumption. This analysis examined if intervention effectiveness was also moderated by participant weight group. Regression analyses tested for interactions between intervention and weight group for screening and RPA. Weight group was found to be a moderator of intervention effectiveness (p =.02); normal and overweight individuals receiving the LHA intervention increased RPA more, whereas obese individuals responded better to TPV. For CRC screening, the interaction term was not significant; weight alone was related to screening at follow-up (p =.049), with obese individuals reporting less screening. These results suggest that weight tailoring may improve the effectiveness of behavior change interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-925
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010


  • cancer prevention
  • colorectal cancer screening
  • intervention preference
  • obesity
  • physical activity
  • weight disparities


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