Rationale: Obesity is associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but its impact on outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQoL), hospitalizations, and survival is not well understood. Objectives: To assess the effect of obesity on HRQoL, hospitalizations, and survival in patients with PAH. Methods: We performed a cohort study of adults with PAH from the Pulmonary Hypertension Association Registry, a prospective multicenter registry. Multivariate linear mixed-effects regression was used to examine the relationship between weight categories and HRQoL using the Short Form-12 and emPHasis-10. We used multivariable negative binomial regression to estimate hospitalization incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for transplant-free survival by weight status. Results: A total of 767 subjects were included (mean age of 57 years, 74% female, 33% overweight, and 40% with obesity), with median follow-up duration of 527 days. Overweight patients and patients with obesity had higher baseline emPHasis-10 scores (worse HRQoL), which persisted over time (P<0.001). Patients who are overweight and obese have a trend toward increased incidence of hospitalizations compared with normalweight patients (IRR, 1.34; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.94- 1.92 and IRR, 1.33; 95% CI 0.93-1.89, respectively). Overweight patients and patients with obesity had lower risk of transplant or death compared with normal-weight patients (HR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.25-0.80 and HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.22-0.70, respectively). Conclusions: In a large multicenter, prospective cohort of PAH, patients who were overweight or obese had worse disease-specific HRQoL despite better transplant-free survival compared with normal-weight patients. Future interventions should address the specific needs of these patients.
- Pulmonary arterial hypertension
- Quality of life
- Survival analysis