Nurses' and Physicians' Perceptions of Indwelling Urinary Catheter Practices and Culture in Their Institutions

Andrea Niederhauser, Stephanie Züllig, Jonas Marschall, David L.B. Schwappach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs) are commonly used devices in acute care that may lead to catheter-associated urinary tract infections or noninfectious complications. Responsibilities for IUC are usually shared between nurses and physicians, and a common mental model among the two professional groups is thus essential for a successful reduction in catheter use. The aim of this study was to determine variation in the perceptions of current practices and culture regarding IUC use between these two groups. Methods Nurses and physicians (N = 1579) from seven Swiss hospitals completed a written survey on safe IUC use in their institution. The survey assessed participant's perceptions of current practices and culture in their institution, and their perceived responsibilities related to IUC care. t tests and logistic regression were used to examine differences in responses between physicians and nurses. Results Nurses and physicians each have their own tasks but also share responsibilities for catheter placement, care, and removal. Overall, nurses were more positive than physicians about current practices and culture regarding IUC use within their institution (mean scale scores = 5.4 for nurses versus 5.1 for physicians, P < 0.001). Perceptions of the two professional groups diverged most strongly on practices to avoid unnecessary placement of IUCs, the presence of shared values and attitudes in support of restrictive catheter use, and the other group's leadership commitment. Conclusions Indwelling urinary catheter management is a strong interprofessional domain and a shared responsibility. It is crucial that measures to raise awareness and to communicate new standards target both nurses and physicians and are discussed in interprofessional formats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E82-E89
JournalJournal of patient safety
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • patient safety
  • perceptions
  • preventable harm
  • staff survey
  • teamwork
  • urinary catheter

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