Nucleolin is one component of the B cell-specific transcription factor and switch region binding protein, LR1

L. A. Hanakahi, Laurie A. Dempsey, Ming Jie Li, Nancy Maizels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations


LR1 is a B cell-specific, sequence-specific DNA binding activity that regulates transcription in activated B cells. LR1 also binds Ig heavy chain switch region sequences and may function in class switch recombination. LR1 contains two polypeptides, of 106 kDa and 45 kDa, and here we report that the 106-kDa component of LR1 is nucleolin. This identification, initially made by microsequence analysis, was verified by showing that (i) LR1-DNA binding activity increased in B cells transfected with a nucleolin cDNA expression construct; (ii) LR1-DNA binding activity was recognized by antibodies raised against recombinant human nucleolin; and (iii) in B cells transfected with epitope-tagged nucleolin expression constructs, the LR1-DNA complex was recognized by the anti-tag antibody. Nucleolin is an abundant nucleolar protein which is believed to play a role in rDNA transcription or organization, or rRNA processing. Homology between nucleolin and histone H1 suggests that nucleolin may alter DNA organization in response to cell cycle controls, and the nucleolin component of LR1 may therefore function to organize switch regions before, during, or after switch recombination. The demonstration that nucleolin is a component of a B cell-specific complex that binds switch region sequences suggests that the G-rich switch regions may have evolved from rDNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3605-3610
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 1997


  • Ig
  • rDNA
  • recombination


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