The influence of various toxic substances and of drugs with ototoxic side effects upon energy generation, energy utilization, and membrane processes of the cochlea were studied. None of the drugs tested interfered with energy generation to as great an extent as did anoxia or cyanide and 2,4-dinitrophenol. Ouabain produced a pronounced interference with energy utilization of the stria vascularis. The “loop” diuretics ethacrynic acid and furosemide produced a reduction of energy utilization of a lesser degree than did ouabain. The “loop” diuretics do not seem to exert their toxic action upon strial Na+K+-ATPase, 'but may act by interfering with strial adenylate cyclase. Aminoglycoside antibiotics and diuretic and nondiuretic mercurials seem to exert their primary noxious action upon cochlear function by interfering with membrane processes of the structures bounding the cochlear duct.