Novel selective allosteric activator of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor regulates amyloid processing and produces antipsychotic-like activity in rats

Carrie K. Jones, Ashley E. Brady, Albert A. Davis, Zixiu Xiang, Michael Bubser, Mohammed Noor Tantawy, Alexander S. Kane, Thomas M. Bridges, J. Phillip Kennedy, Stefania R. Bradley, Todd E. Peterson, M. Sib Ansari, Ronald M. Baldwin, Robert M. Kessler, Ariel Y. Deutch, James J. Lah, Allan I. Levey, Craig W. Lindsley, P. Jeffrey Conn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

207 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that subtype-selective activators of M 1/M4 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) may offer a novel approach for the treatment of psychotic symptoms associated with schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Previously developed muscarinic agonists have provided clinical data in support of this hypothesis, but failed in clinical development because of a lack of true subtype specificity and adverse effects associated with activation of other mAChR subtypes. We now report characterization of a novel highly selective agonist for the M1 receptor with no agonist activity at any of the other mAChR subtypes, termed TBPB [1-(1′-2-methylbenzyl)-1,4′-bipiperidin-4-yl)-1H-benzo[d] imidazol-2(3H)-one]. Mutagenesis and molecular pharmacology studies revealed that TBPB activates M1 through an allosteric site rather than the orthosteric acetylcholine binding site, which is likely critical for its unprecedented selectivity. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings demonstrated that activation of M1 by TBPB potentiates NMDA receptor currents in hippocampal pyramidal cells but does not alter excitatory or inhibitory synaptic transmission, responses thought to be mediated by M2 and M 4. TBPB was efficacious in models predictive of antipsychotic-like activity in rats at doses that did not produce catalepsy or peripheral adverse effects of other mAChR agonists. Finally, TBPB had effects on the processing of the amyloid precursor protein toward the non-amyloidogenic pathway and decreased Aβ production in vitro. Together, these data suggest that selective activation of M1 may provide a novel approach for the treatment of symptoms associated with schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10422-10433
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume28
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2008

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • M allosteric agonist
  • Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors
  • Schizophrenia
  • TBPB
  • mAChR

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