Novel role for tumor suppressor gene, liver kinase B1, in epithelial–mesenchymal transition leading to chronic lung allograft dysfunction

Mohammad Rahman, Ranjithkumar Ravichandran, Sandhya Bansal, Kristina Sanborn, Sara Bowen, Jennifer Eschbacher, Angara Sureshbabu, Timothy Fleming, Ankit Bharat, Rajat Walia, Ramsey Hachem, Ross M. Bremner, Michael A. Smith, Thalachallour Mohanakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been implicated to play a role in chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). Liver kinase B1 (LKB1), a tumor suppressor gene, can regulate EMT. However, its role in CLAD development following lung transplantation remains unknown. Using qRT-PCR, biopsies from lung transplant recipients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) demonstrated significant downregulation of LKB1 (p =.0001), compared to stable biopsies. To determine the role of LKB1 in EMT development, we analyzed EMT in human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Knockdown of LKB1 by siRNA significantly dysregulated mesenchymal markers expression in BEAS-2B cells. Following incubation of human primary bronchial epithelial cell or BEAS-2B cells with exosomes isolated from BOS or stable lung transplant recipients, LKB1 expression was inhibited when incubated with BOS-exosome. Incubation with BOS-exosomes also decreased LKB1 expression and induced EMT markers in air–liquid interface culture method. Our results provide novel evidence that exosomes released from transplanted lungs undergoing chronic rejection are associated with inactivated tumor suppressor gene LKB1 and this loss induces EMT leading to the pathogenesis of CLAD following human lung transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-852
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • basic (laboratory) research/science
  • biomarker
  • bronchiolitis obliterans (BOS)
  • lung (allograft) function/dysfunction
  • molecular biology

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