Novel pulsatile cerebrospinal fluid model to assess pressure manometry and fluid sampling through spinal needles of different gauge: Support for the use of a 22 G spinal needle with a tapered 27 G pencil-point tip

Y. Ginosar, Y. Smith, T. Ben-Hur, J. M. Lovett, T. Clements, Y. D. Ginosar, E. M. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

BackgroundParallel-walled spinal needles ≤22 G are routinely used for lumbar puncture, despite a reported <32 incidence of post-dural puncture headache. A tapered spinal needle (22 G shaft, 27 G tip) is in use in our institution. We hypothesized that despite the smaller dural puncture hole, this needle has similar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure equilibration times and CSF sampling times to a standard 22 G needle and assessed a range of spinal needles using an experimental pulsatile CSF reservoir. MethodsThe pulsatile CSF reservoir had an oscillating pressure varying between 25 and 15 cm H2O at a cycle frequency of 80 s-1. We tested seven parallel-walled spinal needles (1827 G) and the tapered 22/27 G needle. CSF pressure was measured every 2 s by manometry. The time to collect 1 ml CSF samples was measured. Saline 0.9 and mannitol 20 were tested separately. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc test was used to compare 22G, 27G and 22/27G needles. ResultsThe mean [standard deviation (sd)] CSF pressure equilibration time (saline) was 40.7 (6.4), 108.7 (6.1), and 51.3 (4.6) s for the 22, 27, and 22/27 G needles (P< 0.0001 for comparisons between 27 G and other needles). The mean (sd) CSF sampling time (saline) was 40.3 (3.1), 225.3 (10.0), and 63.0 (5.2) s for the 22, 27, and 22/27 G needles (P< 0.0001 for comparisons between 27 G and other needles, and P 0.019 between 22 and 22/27 G needles). Saline was different from mannitol for both measurements and all needles (P< 0.0001). ConclusionsA 22/27 G tapered spinal needle has similar flow properties to the 22 G needle, despite a 27 G tip.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-315
Number of pages8
JournalBritish journal of anaesthesia
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • lumbar puncture
  • post-dural puncture headache

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