Novel goblet cell gene related to IgGFcγBP is regulated in adapting gut after small bowel resection

Deborah C. Rubin, Elzbieta A. Swietlicki, Hristo Iordanov, Christine Fritsch, Marc S. Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The loss of functional small bowel surface area leads to a well-described adaptive response in the remnant intestine. To elucidate its molecular regulation, a cohort of cDNAs were cloned using a rat gut resection model and subtractive/differential hybridization cloning techniques. This study reports a novel cDNA termed 'ileal remnant repressed' (IRR)-219, which shares 80% nucleotide identity with the 3'end of a human intestinal IgG Fc binding protein (IgGFcγBP) and is homologous to human and rat mucins. IRR-219 mRNA is expressed in intestine and colon only. At 48 h after 70% intestinal resection, mRNA levels decreased two- to fivefold in the adaptive small bowel but increased two- to threefold in the colon. Expression of IRR-219 was suppressed in adaptive small bowel as late as 1 wk after resection. IRR-219 expression is also regulated during gut ontogeny. In situ hybridization revealed IRR-219 expression in small intestinal and colonic goblet cells only. Its unique patterns of expression during ontogeny and after small bowel resection suggest distinctive roles in small bowel and colonic adaptation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G1003-G1010
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume279
Issue number5 42-5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Colonic adaptation
  • Gene regulation
  • Small intestinal adaptation

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