We have employed the technique of chromosome 'walking' to determine the structure of 240 kilobases of amplified DNA surrounding the dihydrofolate reductase gene in methotrexate-resistant mouse cell lines. Within this region, we have found numerous DNA rearrangements which occurred during the amplification process. DNA subclones from regions flanking the dihydrofolate reductase gene were also utilized as hybridization probes in other cell lines. Our results show that: 1) amplification-specific DNA rearrangements or junctions are unique to each cell line; 2) within a given cell line, multiple amplification-specific DNA sequence rearrangements are found; 3) the degree of amplification of sequences flanking the dihydrofolate reductase gene shows quantitative variation among and within cell lines; and 4) both the arrangement of amplified sequences as well as the magnitude of gene amplification may vary with prolonged culture even under maintenance selection conditions. These studies indicate that there is no static repetitive unit amplified in these cells. Rather, a dynamic and complex arrangement of the amplified sequences exists which is continually changing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9127-9140
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1984


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