All patients admitted to the medical and surgical intensive care units of a 500-bed nonteaching suburban hospital were followed prospectively for the occurrence of nosocomial primary bloodstream infections for 21 months. The incidence of primary bloodstream infection was 38 (1%) of 3163 patients; among patients with central venous catheters, it was 34 (4%) of 920 patients, or 4.0 infections per 1000 catheter-days. Ventilator-associated pneumonia, congestive heart failure, and each intravascular catheter inserted were independently associated with the development of a nosocomial primary bloodstream infection. Among infected patients, the crude mortality rate was 53%, and these patients had longer stays in intensive care units and the hospital than did uninfected patients. Bloodstream infection, however, was not an independent risk factor for death. The incidence, risk factors, and serious outcomes of bloodstream infections in a nonteaching community hospital were similar to those seen in tertiary-care teaching hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1335
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 15 2001


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