2 Scopus citations


The activation of neurotransmitter release in nerve cells appears to be primarily dependent upon influx of extracellular Ca2+, most of which is thought to cross nerve terminal membranes through N-type Ca2+ channels. Events in skeletal and cardiac muscle, in contrast, are regulated to a greater extent by intracellular Ca2+ exchange between cytosol and intracellular organelles such as sarcoplasmic reticulum. It is not known to what extent corresponding intracellular organelles, i.e. endoplasmic reticulum (ER), contribute to cytosolic Ca2+ transients and norepinephrine (NE) release from cardiac sympathetic nerves. Heart rate and NE release were measured in isolated perfused guinea pig hearts during 1-min stimulations (5 V, 4 Hz, 2 ms) of the right stellate ganglia prior to (S1), during the administration of (S2), and after (S3) the removal of ryanodine (1 μM) from the perfusate. Ryanodine is a selective modulator of caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in ER. Baseline heart rates decreased significantly in the presence of ryanodine, documenting its physiological effects on cardiac cells. However, there was no detectable effect of ryanodine on nerve-stimulated increase in heart rate or NE release. These results indicate that the ryanodine-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores do not play a major role in cardiac sympathetic neurotransmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-242
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 28 1993


  • Calcium channel
  • Nerve terminal
  • Norepinephrine
  • Ryanodine
  • Stellate ganglion
  • Sympathetic nerve activity


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