Non-invasive monitoring hemodynamic responses in RIF tumors during and after PDT

G. Yu, T. Durduran, T. M. Busch, H. W. Wang, C. Zhou, H. M. Saunders, C. M. Sehgal, A. G. Yodh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Changes in blood flow and oxygenation during and after PDT provide information about tumor vessel and cellular damage. The characterization of these changes may improve our understanding of PDT mechanisms and help predict treatment efficacy. We have designed a hybrid system that can non-invasively measure in vivo hemodynamic changes and provide independent information about tumor oxygenation and blood flow. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) monitors blood flow by measuring the optical phase shifts caused by moving blood cells, while diffuse photon density wave (DPDW) spectroscopy measures tissue absorption and scattering. When mounted on a camera, our unique probe allows non-contact measurements that avoid compressing the tumor and altering blood flow. An optical filter mounted in front of the camera lens cut off light below 650nm, which allowed monitoring of blood flow during PDT. The utility of the hybrid system was demonstrated by monitoring the hemodynamic changes during and after PDT in mice bearing the experimental radiation-induced fibrosarcoma (RIF). For the first time, we non-invasively and continually monitored the in vivo flow changes during PDT. Relative oxygen consumption was calculated using flow values measured by DCS and oxygenation measured by a broadband absorption spectrometer. During PDT an initial rapid increase in blood flow was found, followed by a decrease and slow recovery. After PDT, substantial and continued reductions in blood saturation, blood flow and oxygen consumption were found after 3 hours, suggesting that permanent damage to tumor cells and blood vessels had occurred. The comparison of flow values after PDT as measured by DCS and by Power Doppler ultrasound (CWFA) demonstrated that both techniques non-invasively detected similar global changes in tumor blood flow or perfusion after PDT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2003
EventOptical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XII - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 25 2003Jan 26 2003


  • Blood vessel
  • Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS)
  • Diffuse photon density wave (DPDW) spectroscopy
  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Hemodynamics
  • Non-contact probe
  • PDT
  • Power broadband absorption spectrometer


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